مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله پیوند سرمایه گذاری و رشد آفریقا-چین
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Africa-China investment and growth link
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 20 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه امرالد
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی (Research article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس نمیباشد
نمایه (index) scopus – master journals
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
شاخص H_index 6 (2018)
شاخص SJR 0.2 (2018)
رشته های مرتبط اقتصاد
گرایش های مرتبط اقتصاد مالی
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله / کنفرانس مجله مطالعات اقتصادی و تجارت خارجی چین – Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies
دانشگاه School of Business and Economics – Universiti Brunei Darussalam – Brunei Darussalam
کلمات کلیدی چین، آفریقا، سرمایه گذاری مستقیم خارجی (FDI)، رشد اقتصادی، سیاست اقتصاد کلان
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی China, Africa, Foreign direct investment (FDI), Economic growth, Macro-economic policy
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1108/JCEFTS-11-2017-0034
کد محصول E9357
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Model
3. Data and analysis
4. Results analysis
5. Conclusions and policy implications
References

بخشی از متن مقاله:
1. Introduction

Africa–China economic cooperation began since the Second World War era (Adewumi et al., 2006). However, it was until early 1990s that the cooperation grew stronger owing to China’s economic enlargement program, i.e. global vision and Africa growth program. Various initiatives have emerged, the latest being “China One Belt Road or Maritime silk Road initiatives”, connecting China via railway and shipping link with major markets in the Middle East, Central Asia and Africa. What is unique about China’s partnership in connection with African economies is that, it is mainly centered on economic motive with less interference politically. Since economics and politics cannot be separated (mutually exclusive), China at some point meddles in Africa political matters. However, Compared to the USA and EU, the margin of China’s involvement in political matters is considered minimal. Because of that, China has become an acceptable pattern in Africa economy. They have investment portfolios across the length and breadth of the region. Currently, China’s is presence in about 45 countries in Africa, engaging in different types of businesses. Most of these businesses are privately own. There are also significant number of state-owned enterprises (Gu, 2009). Statistically, more than 2,200 Chinese enterprises are operating in Africa, (most of them are private ownership) (UNCTAD, 2014). China is a significant player in global manufacturing sector. It owns its successes (in industrial development) to low wages, active skilled labor force and large domestic market (Pigato and Tang, 2015). The latter was the key to economic (industrial) sustenance because it allowed emerging and small and medium scale industries to grow effectively. Later on, they became strong partakers in the international trade market. China found itself in a favorable condition, an edge in development most developed and emerging economies were not exposed to the beginning of development. The economic space of China became a magnet in attracting various types of investment portfolios. Many manufacturing firms relocated to take advantage of low wage highly skilled labor force to hence profit and expedite growth. Today, China is among countries with the largest market footprint in the globe. As a significant global player, it faces huge gap in natural and human resources demand (to feed existing industries), which are beyond the carrying capacity of the domestic market, hence rest on China–Africa economic cooperation and other foreign partners to supply them (as a way to maintain the pace of growth). Africa as a continent has a huge deposit of natural resources capacity and youthful population. Statistically, it has over one-third of world resources capacity, making it a potential partner for China. Yet, compared to China, African industrialization program and growth are constraint by economic challenges, among them being technical, financial and infrastructural problems. However, these potential gaps or challenges faced by Africa’s economies are, conceivably, China’s greatest strength, hence the highlight of China–Africa economic cooperation. China–Africa economic cooperation is an official platform for establishing a gain again solution to diverse developmental problems facing China and Africa, with too much stringencies. Advantage-wise, Africa use this platform (give its high resource potentials) as a leverage to attract highly efficient technical and financial investment from China, to support infrastructural development and improve the standard of living (reduce poverty).

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد پیوند سرمایه گذاری و رشد آفریقا-چین – امرالد 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله مالیات نزولی استهلاک و سرمایه گذاری مزرعه: شواهدی از میشیگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Accelerated tax depreciation and farm investment: evidence from Michigan
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 13 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه امرالد
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی (Research article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس نمیباشد
نمایه (index) scopus – master journals
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
شاخص H_index 18 (2018)
شاخص SJR 0.406 (2018)
رشته های مرتبط اقتصاد، حسابداری، کشاورزی
گرایش های مرتبط اقتصاد مالی، حسابداری مالیاتی، اقتصاد کشاورزی
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله / کنفرانس بررسی امور مالی کشاورزی – Agricultural Finance Review
دانشگاه Department of Agricultural – Michigan State University – Michigan
کلمات کلیدی هزینه سرمایه، مالیات، استهلاک پاداش، سرمایه گذاری در بخش کشاورزی، بخش 179
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Cost of capital, Taxation, Bonus depreciation, Farm investment, Section 179
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1108/AFR-05-2017-0038
کد محصول E9358
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract
Introduction
Depreciation and farm income tax management
Data and summary statistics
Tax policy and the cost of capital
Conclusions
References

بخشی از متن مقاله:
Introduction

Modern US commercial farms have large capital investments in depreciable property including machinery, equipment, buildings, facilities and land improvements. Income tax depreciation policy affects the cost of investment capital by shifting the recovery period closer to – or into – the current tax year. In 1981, Section 179 depreciation deductions were instituted into the US tax code. In 2002, “bonus depreciation” was added as another form of accelerated depreciation. Both forms of accelerated depreciation allow farmers to take large amounts of depreciation in the first year relative to the default tax depreciation. Accelerated depreciation deductions allow farmers to decrease their taxable income by moving cost recovery of long-lived assets into the current tax year, thus increasing after tax income and incentivizing investment in depreciable farm business assets. The role of tax policy in influencing business investment has been a frequent topic of past economic research. Hall and Jorgenson (1967) concluded that tax policy was effective in changing the level, timing, and composition of investment. Chisholm (1974) found that increased levels of depreciation encouraged the investment behavior. Kay and Rister (1976) calculated the present values and concluded that accelerated depreciation affected the investment value. Weersink and Stauber (1988) examined optimal farm combine replacement finding that initial tax deduction and length of cost recovery changed the optimal replacement interval. Ariyaratne and Featherstone (2009), examining Kansas farm businesses from 1998 to 2007, found that the addition of machinery and equipment and listed property depreciation was a strong determinant of investment decisions. House and Shapiro (2008) estimated aggregate investment supply elasticity and found that investment in qualified capital increased sharply with the use of accelerated depreciation. Hadrich et al. (2013) studiedmachinery investment by farmers in North Dakota concluding that Section 179 had a large effect. However, their analysis ignored bonus depreciation and did not actually observe the use of Section 179 instead assuming that farm annual investment must be at least equal to the allowance limit for its use. Williamson and Stutzman (2016) used a synthetic panel data and examined accelerated depreciation policies concluding these policies had small impacts as few farms made total annual capital purchases close to the maximum allowance. In contrast to past research on these tax depreciation policies, we neither assume nor estimate the use of Section 179 and bonus depreciation. Instead, we observe the actual use for a balanced panel of farms. The data set used in this research is unique in its detail and also the inclusion of investment, financial, and tax depreciation information at the farm level. The data span 11 years from 2004 to 2014. This research examines the use of accelerated depreciation by asset class, year and farm type and measures the benefits farmers realized. The objectives are to: examine the extent to which and when farms utilized accelerated depreciation; calculate the after tax present value of accelerated depreciation deductions; and calculate the realized decreased cost of capital from these tax policies and implications for investment. The next section briefly examines the history of accelerated depreciation policies for US farm managers and mechanics of using accelerated depreciation compared to the default depreciation methods. The third section examines the panel data set of Michigan farms. Summary statistics on farm taxable income, investment, and depreciation choices by year, class, and farm type reveal the frequency and magnitude of accelerated depreciation use. The fourth section calculates the present value of accelerated depreciation relative to default IRS depreciation by year, class and farm type. The effect of accelerated depreciation on the cost of capital is examined using a model based on Hall and Jorgensen (1967). Finally, the investment implications of a reduction in cost of capital are discussed.

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد مالیات نزولی استهلاک و سرمایه گذاری مزرعه – امرالد 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.

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مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله استفاده از مدل کسب و کار برای بهبود روند سرمایه گذاری
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Using the business model canvas to improve investment processes
انتشار مقاله سال 2017
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 25 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه امرالد
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقالات گزارش کوتاه (Case study)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس نمیباشد
نمایه (index) scopus – master journals
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
شاخص H_index 14 (2018)
شاخص SJR 0.268 (2018)
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت، اقتصاد
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت کسب و کار، اقتصاد مالی
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله / کنفرانس مجله تحقیقات بازاریابی و کارآفرینی – Journal of Research in Marketing and Entrepreneurship
دانشگاه Department of Business and Management – Aalborg University – Denmark
کلمات کلیدی کارآفرینان، مدل کسب و کار، کسب و کار نجات دهنده، گام کسب و کار، روند سرمایه گذاری
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Entrepreneurs, Business model canvas, Business angels, Business pitch, Investment process
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1108/JRME-11-2016-0048
کد محصول E9359
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Theoretical section
3. Method
4. Empirical findings
5. Discussion and concluding remarks
References

بخشی از متن مقاله:
1. Introduction

Business angels have become an increasingly important source of financing for seed and start-up companies (Mason and Harrison, 1996; Landström, 1998; Sohl, 2012). These types of venture capital finance affect companies in diverse ways, for example, by assisting with consulting and credibility by third parties (Rossi, 2015). Achieving an investment and the possible benefits is not an easy endeavour for entrepreneurs. The investment process, beginning with the identification of a business opportunity and continuing until the investment negotiation is finished with a deal, is still considered a “black box” (Sapienza and Villanueva, 2007; Sohl, 2012). Apparently, business angels would like to invest more often than they do, but they seem to lack the right investment opportunities (Van Osnabrugge and Robinson, 2000; Mason and Harrison, 2002). These views contradict one another and create challenges for entrepreneurs in how they approach business angels to raise capital. In other words, the entrepreneur markets the potential business opportunity to potential investors. In this process, the entrepreneur often relies on hihe/sher own business knowledge (Hill and Levenhagen, 1995) and a written business plan (Karlsson and Honig, 2009) in addition to templates for information provided by facilitators or matchmaking agents (Sohl, 2012). Several studies show that there is a mismatch between the information desired by business angels and the information that they typically receive from entrepreneurs. In fact, business angels often use a series of alternative parameters than other investors to evaluate investment proposals (Fiet, 1995; Mason and Harrison, 1996; Van Osnabrugge and Robinson, 2000; Mason and Harrison, 2002; Mason and Stark, 2004). This challenges the entrepreneurs because they then must provide information on the terms of each specific business angel with whom they would want to connect and negotiate. Historically, entrepreneurs have used the business plan as the primary framework to organise and provide an information set to business angels (Gumpert, 2002). Recently, using business plans to structure the information set has been challenged, while many previous studies have focussed on the information set required by business angels (Mason and Stark, 2004). Karlsson and Honig (2009) argued that the business plan is outdated and has a negligible effect on investment processes. This indicates a need for other types of frameworks that can assist the entrepreneurs in forming a useful information set for this purpose. In addition, Huang and Pearce (2015) show that the mutual understanding between entrepreneurs and business angels is vital to creating positive investment processes. Carlson and Wilmot (2006), for example, identified how the notion of customer value is a key element in innovation and creating successful start-ups/companies. Despite this, no research to date has been found to focus on helping the entrepreneurs create a mutual understanding between themselves and business angels. This study investigates the informational and communication structures and tensions between entrepreneurs and business angels in investment processes. This is done using business models as a platform for communication, as suggested by Bukh (2003) and specifically applying the structure of the business model canvas (Osterwalder and Pigneur, 2010) to frame information sets and discussions. The business model canvas is currently applied in several different entrepreneurial contexts (see Oyedele, 2016; Cosenz, 2017).

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد استفاده از مدل کسب و کار برای بهبود روند سرمایه گذاری – امرالد 2017 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.

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مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله تأثیر سرمایه گذاری در دارایی های نامشهود بر عملکرد شرکت ها در هند
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Impact of investment in intangible assets on corporate performance in India
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 28 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه امرالد
نوع نگارش مقاله مقاله پژوهشی (Research article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس میباشد
نمایه (index) scopus – master journals
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
شاخص H_index 8 (2018)
شاخص SJR 0.217 (2018)
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت، اقتصاد، حسابداری
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت کسب و کار، مدیریت عملکرد، اقتصاد مالی، حسابداری مالی
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله / کنفرانس مجله بین المللی حقوق و مدیریت – International Journal of Law and Management
دانشگاه Guru Nank Dev University Amritsar India
کلمات کلیدی دارایی های نامشهود، روش مانیتورینگ دارایی نامشهود، رگرسیون داده های پنل، Tobin’s Q، هند
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Intangible Assets, Intangible Asset Monitor Method, Panel Data Regression, Tobin’s Q, India
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1108/IJLMA-05-2017-0127
کد محصول E9360
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract
1. Introduction
2. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3. RESULTS AND ANALYSIS
4. Conclusion
References

بخشی از متن مقاله:
1. INTRODUCTION

There is multiplicity as well as ambiguity in the identification of Intangible Assets. Grojer and Johanson (1999) and Guthrie & Petty (2000) termed these as “Soft” assets and “Weightless Wealth”. Fincham and Roslender (2003) and Lev (2001) called these as “Intellectual capital” and “Knowledge assets”. Andersen (1992) describes intangible assets as non-physical in nature, capable of producing future economic net benefits. Edvinsson & Malone (1997) calls these as “hidden capabilities” of an organization. Brooking (1997) describes them as the “combination of market based intangible assets, intellectual property, human-centered and infrastructure that enables the company to function”. Strassmann (1999) defines intangible assets as the difference between the market value of a company and the book value of its tangible assets. By whatever name the Intangible Assets are called; these assets for sure have gained high prominence in the operations of companies especially in the contemporary decade. Investment in Intangible Assets helps the companies to be innovatory (OECD, 2008) and hence vie their competitors (Canibano et al., 1999; Boujelben and Fedhila, 2011). These are important components of a firm’s strategic planning and operations (Wheelen and Hunger, 2011). These assets enhance company’s market value (Mishra and Jhunjhunwala, 2009). These provide a firm with improved customer attainment and preservation (OECD, 2008). These help to build customer loyalty and strengthen the brand image of a company (OECD, 2008). Specifically mentioning the relevance of some of these assets, Goodwill is given due consideration at the time of mergers and acquisitions (PWC, 2014). A higher value is paid by a company with the expectation to take advantage of the existing technology, knowledge and name of an established reputed firm (Canibano et al. 1999; Gu and Lev, 2001; PWC, 2014). Investment in R&D helps in producing novel products (Pradhan, 2003). Patents, copyrights and trademarks lead to a superior performance by extending monopoly to the firms (Greenhalgh and Rogers, 2012). Authors like Hirschey and Weygandt (1985); Chauvin and Hirschey (1993); Bosworth and Rogers (1998); Andras and Srinivasan (2003); Lantz and Sahut (2005); Nagaoka (2006); Heiens et al. (2007); Ehie and Olibe (2010); Boujelben and Fedhila (2011) have shown that R&D intensity is positively associated with the firm performance. Similarly, Advertising and Customer Relationship Management (CRM), another category of Intangibles, are documented as generator of high profits for the companies. Advertised products are easily recallable and identifiable which minimizes the chances of confusion and boost sales (Sahay and Pillai, 2009). Studies as Hirschey and Weygandt (1985); Chauvin and Hirschey (1993); Sahay and Pillai (2009); Kundu et al. (2010); Boujelben and Fedhila (2011) found a positive relation of advertising intensity with firm performance. Last but not the least; human asset these days is regarded as the most vital animate Intangible Asset. It forms intellectual capital of companies that helps in earning high profits through their skills and abilities (Arrighetti et al., 2014). Findings of Pew Tan et al (2007); Kamath (2008); Wang (2008); Ghosh and Mondal (2009); Clarke et al (2011); Wang (2011); Pal and Soriya (2012); Mondal and Ghosh (2012) confirm that Intellectual Capital enhances the firm performance.

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد تأثیر سرمایه گذاری در دارایی نامشهود بر عملکرد شرکت – امرالد 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله کارمند فعال در طبقه فروشگاه و تاثیر بر رضایت مشتری
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله The proactive employee on the floor of the store and the impact on customer satisfaction
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 8 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله مقاله پژوهشی (Research article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس میباشد
نمایه (index) scopus – master journals – JCR
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF) 2.919 (2017)
شاخص H_index 57 (2018)
شاخص SJR 1.216 (2018)
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت منابع انسانی
نوع ارائه مقاله ژورنال
مجله / کنفرانس مجله خدمات خرده فروشی و مصرف کننده – Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services
دانشگاه Center for Consumer Marketing – Stockholm School of Economics – Sweden
کلمات کلیدی مواجهه خدمات، فعاليت کارکنان، تلاش کارمند درک شده، رضایت مشتری
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی The service encounter, Employee proactivity, Perceived employee effort, Customer satisfaction
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jretconser.2018.02.009
کد محصول E9338
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Theoretical framework and hypotheses
3. Study 1
4. Study 2
5. General discussion
References

بخشی از متن مقاله:
1. Introduction

Many studies in service and retail settings show that several characteristics and behaviors of frontline employees influence customer reactions in the service encounter (e.g., Bitner et al., 1990; Liao and Chuang, 2004; Winsted, 2000). Such studies indicate that human beings are indeed susceptible to influence stemming from other human beings and, in a setting with commercially-based interactions, that the employee is a potent source of influence. The present study is an attempt to contribute to this literature by examining one particular aspect of employee behavior that has been neglected in existing research: the extent to which the employee is proactive in initiating contact with the customer. The core of the employee proactivity construct in the present study is the same as in existing organizational literature. It comprises a selfstarting approach to doing things before one is told to do them, not waiting until one must respond to a demand, personal initiative, and taking charge of a situation (Crant, 2000; Frese and Fay, 2001; Grant and Ashford, 2008; Rank et al., 2007; Raub and Liao, 2012; Thomas et al., 2010). In the present study, however, our focus is on employee proactivity in a more narrow sense than what is included in the organizational literature’s proactivity construct; here, we are interested in the employee initiating contact with the customer when both parties are in the same store or service environment. Typically, this entails the employee coming forward to the customer with conversation starters such as “Hi, are you looking for anything in particular?” and “Hi, can I help you?”. The impact of this particular aspect of employee proactivity has hitherto received limited interest in service and retailing research. It has been shown, however, that proactive salespersons sell more and earn higher commissions than less proactive salespersons (Bateman and Crant, 1999). Moreover, in service-related research, employee proactivity has mainly been studied in terms of service failures (e.g., de Jong and de Ruyter, 2004; Miller et al., 2000; Smith et al., 1999), and some studies indicate that proactive employee behavior in failure situations enhances recovery satisfaction (de Jong and de Ruyter, 2004; Kelley et al., 1993). Most service encounters, however, do not result in failures. This calls for research on the impact of employee proactivity also in situations in which no failures occur. An examination of employee proactivity should be seen in the light of several aspects. First, employee proactivity (in the present study) is something that occurs in the very first phase of a service encounter; it has to do with the employee initiating an encounter. Given the potential for first impressions to inform both attribute evaluations and overall evaluations (Lindgaard et al., 2006; Rabin and Schrag, 1999), employee proactivity can be seen as the platform on which the remaining parts of an encounter rest. Second, from a practical point of view, many service and retail firms have scripts with instructions for frontline employees with respect to what to do in relation to customers (Tansik and Smith, 1991; Nickson et al., 2005). And in many cases, the scripts encourage employee proactivity in the initial phase of a service encounter. The famous Starbucks Green Apron Book, for example, requests the employees to “start a conversation”, while Hilton Hotel instructions comprise a call to “show initiative”. So far, however, academic research has not been able to offer much empirical support for such activities.

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد کارمند فعال در طبقه فروشگاه و تاثیر بر رضایت مشتری – الزویر 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.

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