مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله تأثیر رهبری تحول گرا بر رضایت شغلی و نتایج ایمنی بیمار
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Effect of transformational leadership on job satisfaction and patient safety outcomes
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 10 صفحه
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منتشر شده در نشریه الزویر
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت، روانشناسی
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت اجرایی، مدیریت منابع انسانی، روانشناسی صنعتی و سازمانی
مجله چشم انداز پرستاری – Nursing Outlook
دانشگاه Faculty of Nursing – University of Windsor – Windsor – Canada
کلمات کلیدی ایمنی بیمار، رهبری تحول گرا، توانمندسازی، رضایت شغلی، محیط کار
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Patient safety, Transformational leadership, Empowerment, Job satisfaction, Work environment
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2017.10.004
کد محصول E9069
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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بخشی از متن مقاله:
Introduction

Safety and quality of patient care is recognized as a priority for health care organizations worldwide. However, large studies across North America and Europe have shown that health care systems are prone to error and that the risk of adverse events is significant (de Vries, Ramrattan, Smorenburg, Gouma, & Boermeester, 2008; Kohn, Corrigan, & Donaldson, 1999). Adverse patient outcomes or events are defined as unintended injuries or complications caused by health care management rather than the patient’s underlying disease process, resulting in prolonged hospital stay, disability, or death (Baker et al., 2004). The Institute of Medicine (IOM) landmark report, To Err is Human, estimates that up to 98,000 patients die, and more than 1 million are injured each year in the United States as a result of preventable medical errors (Kohn et al., 1999). Equally alarming, the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) estimates that in more than 138,000 hospitalizations in Canada in 2014 to 2015, about 30,000—or one in every 18 patients suffered preventable harm that compromised their care (CIHI, 2016). Research has shown that the economic costs of adverse events are also significant, and the burden in developed countries remains high. For instance, the cost of adverse events to the Canadian health care system was estimated at $1.1 billion in 2009 to 2010 (Etchells et al., 2012). Analogous costs have been reported in the United States. Despite progress in the past 15 years after the IOM report, patient safety remains an important public health challenge (Pronovost, Cleeman, Wright, & Srinivasan, 2016). Studies indicate that alarmingly high rates of adverse events in hospitals are a result of preventable incidents, some of which are likely because of nursingrelated factors (Aiken, Clarke, Sloane, Sochalski, & Silber, 2002; IOM, 2004). Researchers have linked patient safety outcomes to the quality of nursing work environments and lack of effective leadership (Aiken et al., 2002; IOM, 2004). In the organizational literature, relational leadership styles (i.e., transformational leadership) have been linked to reduced adverse patient outcomes (Cummings et al., 2010). Few studies, however, have investigated the mechanisms through which leadership influences employee behavior and subsequent implications on patient safety outcomes (Wong, Cummings, & Ducharme, 2013). In the context of the foregoing, one of the biggest knowledge gaps is how nursing leadership and workplace factors influence health care quality and safety outcomes. Thus, the purpose of this study was to test a model linking transformational leadership and structural empowerment to nurses’ job satisfaction and prevalence of adverse events in acute care settings. In this study, the researchers examined how transformational leadership influenced patient safety outcomes and job satisfaction through the mediator, structural empowerment. Transformational leadership is a behavior-based approach to obtain performance beyond basic expectations of workers and to strive for excellence (Bass & Avolio, 1994). Studies have shown that transformational leadership is key in creating supportive work environments in which nurses are structurally empowered to provide optimal patient care (Cummings et al., 2010). Several authors (Gabel, 2013; IOM, 2004) have suggested that transformational leadership styles seem particularly relevant in current turbulent and stressful health care work environments. Applying the concept of transformational leadership to this issue may provide insight into the ways in which leadership can influence patient outcomes.

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد تأثیر رهبری تحول گرا بر رضایت شغلی و نتایج ایمنی بیمار – الزویر 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله رهبری تحول گرا به عنوان یک چارچوب برای آموزش پرستاران در مورد فشار خون در اوگاندا
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Transformational leadership as a framework for nurse education about hypertension in Uganda
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 12 صفحه
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منتشر شده در نشریه الزویر
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت، پزشکی
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت اجرایی، خون شناسی، پرستاری
مجله آموزش پرستار امروزی – Nurse Education Today
دانشگاه Baylor University Louise Herrington School of Nursing – United States
کلمات کلیدی فشارخون بالا، بیماری غیر قابل انتقال، تغییر شغل، رهبری تحول گرا، اوگاندا
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Hypertension, non-communicable disease, task shifting, transformational leadership, Uganda
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2018.02.009
کد محصول E9070
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بخشی از متن مقاله:
1. Introduction

Proactively preparing nurses and students to meet population needs in a shifting global environment is challenging. Nurses must be agile; able to identify and respond expertly and efficiently to personal, patient, institutional, and system needs (Alleyne, Hancock & Hughes, 2011). The ability to meet the changing demands in complex health care systems mandates that nurses be leaders, in addition to care providers. Nurse educators adopt and adapt a wide variety of modalities to prepare graduates to best meet current and emerging population health needs. As leaders and role models for their students, colleagues, and communities, nurse educators often seek innovative ways to engage learners and prepare nurses. Transformational leadership theory has been successfully employed in many arenas to improve patient outcomes and nurse satisfaction (Fisher, 2016). Nurse education and continuing professional development may also benefit from Drenkard’s adaptation of transformational leadership theory (2012) as a framework for enhancing engaged learning and thereby preparing population health focused nurses with leadership acumen. Globally, cardiovascular disease accounts for nearly 17 million deaths every year, and is increasing rapidly (Schwartz et al., 2015; World Health Organization, 2015). Non-communicable diseases (NCD), and especially cardiovascular diseases, are increasing at an alarming rate. If the current trend continues, the highest mortality rate will be from NCDs in low to middle income (WHO, 2013). Hypertension is a significant component of, and an increasing contribution to, the burden of disease in sub-Saharan East Africa (Ataklte et al., 2015). In 2008, the researchers who conducted this study began working together. The capacity building efforts of Uganda nurse leaders and educators have focused on education, leadership, and research methods. Over the years, studies have been collaboratively planned and implemented on nursing research priorities, work-related quality of life, and task shifting in Uganda. The Ugandan team members identified the growing problem of NCDs and recommended focusing the team’s work in 2016 on hypertension prevention and treatment due to the high prevalence and harmful sequelae.

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد رهبری تحول گرا برای آموزش پرستاران در مورد فشار خون – الزویر 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله رهبری تحول گرا و بازیابی خدمات: اثر واسطه ای از کارهای عاطفی و تاثیر فرهنگ
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Transformational leadership and service recovery performance: The mediating effect of emotional labor and the influence of culture
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 9 صفحه
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منتشر شده در نشریه الزویر
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت اجرایی، مدیریت عملکرد
مجله مجله بین المللی مدیریت مهمانداری – International Journal of Hospitality Management
دانشگاه Conrad N. Hilton College of Hotel and Restaurant Management – University of Houston – USA
کلمات کلیدی نیروی احساسی، رهبری تحول گرا،عملکرد بازیابی سرویس، فرهنگ
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Emotional labor, Transformational leadership, Service recovery performance, Culture
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2018.06.011
کد محصول E9071
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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1. Introduction

Employee service performance is an important source of a hospitality organization’s competitive advantage as it helps distinguish one hospitality organization over its competitors. In addition to being able to provide excellence in service, service employees in the hospitality industry are also expected to provide service recovery performance––resolving a service failure to satisfy a customer and meet customer expectations (Babakus et al., 2003; Guchait et al., 2014). Examples of service failures common in the hotel industry that require service recovery performance include unavailable rooms during check-in, providing the wrong bill, internet not working, unclean rooms, food not properly cooked, and services not available during stay (Lee et al., 2011a). Service recovery performance has been linked to multiple positive outcomes, including customer satisfaction, customer loyalty, positive word of mouth, and intent to purchase (Ha and Jang, 2009; Liao, 2007; Lin, 2010a). Because effective service recovery performance is crucial for the success of the hospitality businesses, past research has examined factors that can enhance service recovery performance (Boshoff and Allen, 2000; Masoud and Hmeidan, 2013). Although the service recovery performance literature has examined several organizational and individual antecedents (Kim and Oh, 2012; Lin, 2010b; Boshoff and Allen, 2000), research has failed to examine the link between leadership and service recovery performance. This is a particularly surprising gap in the service performance recovery literature because research has demonstrated that leadership style and behaviors are vital for overall employee performance (Babakus et al., 2003; Guchait et al., 2014). Specifically, research shows that transformational leadership positively influences employee performance in service contexts (Lee et al., 2011b; Liao and Chuang, 2007). Transformational leaders engage and motivate others to increase expectations and performance (Bass, 1985), which can include their service performance. Although transformational leadership has been linked to employee performance in service jobs and the service literature has also theorized and discussed the possible link between transformational leadership and service recovery performance (Lin, 2010b; Punjaisri et al., 2013), research has yet to examine this relationship. Since transformational leadership is a possible distal antecedent, the relationship between transformational leadership and service recovery performance has not been researched or examined. In fact, research shows that transformational leaders evoke emotion and appeal to others on an emotional level, thereby affecting employee performance through emotions (Dasborough, 2006; Dasborough and Ashkanasy, 2002). Thus, the current study addresses this gap in the service recovery performance literature by examining emotional labor as a potential mediator of the transformational leadership and service recovery performance relationship. Not only are hospitality employees required to perform their core job tasks, but hospitality employees must also manage their emotions by expressing positive emotions at work, especially while interacting with customers (Kim, 2008). Emotional behavior and effort of this kind, as well as the control of feelings in response to organizational demands, is recognized as emotional labor (Lam and Chen, 2012; Grandey, 2000; Hochschild, 1979). Thus, the current study focuses on transformational leadership as a distal antecedent of service recovery performance through emotional labor.

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد رهبری تحول گرا و بازیابی خدمات: تاثیر فرهنگ – الزویر 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله مشارکت دولتی و خصوصی به عنوان یک پاسخ سیاسی به تغییرات جوی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Public-private partnerships as a policy response to climate change
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 8 صفحه
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منتشر شده در نشریه الزویر
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط محیط زیست، اقتصاد
گرایش های مرتبط اقتصاد انرژی، اقتصاد مالی
مجله سیاست انرژی – Energy Policy
دانشگاه University of Padova – Interdepartmental Centre “Giorgio Levi Cases” – Italy
کلمات کلیدی غییر جوی، مشارکت دولتی و خصوصی، انطباق، بهره وری انرژی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Climate change, Public-private partnership, Adaptation, Energy efficiency
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2018.04.063
کد محصول E9032
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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1. Introduction

and background Observations and direct measurements of the climate system over recent decades have provided evidence of global warming and longterm changes in the atmosphere, the ocean, the cryosphere, and the land surface (IPCC, 2013). Indeed, citing the IPCC report of 2013: “many of the observed changes are unprecedented over decades to millennia.” Some consequences of changes in the climate system are the increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), rising temperatures and altered precipitation patterns. These disturbances affect the community as a whole and, in particular, private households whose main sources of revenues are from land and water resources (farmers, foresters, fishermen, etc.). Detailed descriptions of climate change effects on land and water resources are provided in several institutional and academic analyses (USDA, 2012; European-Commission, 2009; Backlund et al., 2008; European-Forest-Institute et al., 2008; Sohngen and Mendelsohn, 1998). With a special focus on the agricultural and forest sectors, previous studies describe evidence of abiotic disturbances (changes in fire occurrence, changes in wind storm frequency and intensity) and biotic disturbances (frequency and consequences of pest and disease outbreaks). Despite the growing public concern over climate change, actions undertaken by private firms and public institutions to deal with these threats are still highly inadequate. In this respect, it is relevant to mention the existence of both an “energy efficiency” and an “adaptation” gap. On the one hand, as evidence of the first gap, empirical analyses show that firms and individuals under-invest with respect to what would be optimal for the society in terms of energy-efficient equipment and technologies capable of reducing energy consumption and C02 emissions (Gillingham and Palmer, 2014; Brown, 2001; Jaffe and Stavins, 1994). On the other hand, according to the UNEP report of 2016, “the adaptation gap can be defined generically as the difference between the level of adaptation actually implemented and a societally set target or goal, which reflects nationally determined needs related to climate change impacts, as well as resource limitations and competing priorities.” (UNEP, 2016). The sub-optimal investment in energy-efficient technologies or adaptation projects by private firms and individuals may be explained by market failures. In such contexts, market failures can be caused by the presence of environmental externalities, market barriers, insufficient and incorrect information, credit constraints and incomplete financial markets (UNEP, 2016; Gillingham and Palmer, 2014; Jaffe and Stavins, 2005, 1994; Brown, 2001). These failures motivate government intervention that can take several forms. Traditional tools to deal with the presence of environmental externalities are Pigouvian taxes or subsidies, while credit constraints may be addressed through government financing programs (Gillingham and Palmer, 2014). Past programs and policies promoted by public entities included economic incentives and subsidies with the main goals of both removing barriers for the development of innovative procedures and boosting private incentives to invest in adaptation or energy-efficient technologies (Gillingham and Palmer, 2014; Filatova, 2014; Zhang and Maruyama, 2001).

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد مشارکت دولتی و خصوصی، پاسخی به تغییرات جوی – الزویر 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله مشارکت دولتی و خصوصی بیماری آلزایمر
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Alzheimer’s disease public-private partnerships
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 10 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
منتشر شده در نشریه الزویر
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط پزشکی
گرایش های مرتبط روانپزشکی
مجله آلزایمر و ضعف – Alzheimer’s and Dementia
دانشگاه Medical & Scientific Relations Division – Alzheimer’s Association – USA
کلمات کلیدی بیماری آلزایمر؛ همکاری ها؛ مشارکت خصوصی و دولتی؛ سیاست عمومی؛ تلاش های بین المللی؛ علوم اعصاب
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Alzheimer’s disease; Collaborations; Private-public partnerships; Public policy; International efforts; Neuroscience
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jalz.2017.12.009
کد محصول E9033
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1. Introduction

There are greater than five million Americans living with Alzheimer’s dementia and more than 35 million people worldwide [1], and without a way to stop or slow the progression, there will be nearly a tripling of individuals affected by 2050 (13.8 million) [1]. The urgency to develop an intervention to stop or slow the progression of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) [2,3] is driving collaborations both within and between federal/governmental agencies, industrial/for-profit organizations, and nonprofit entities. Since 2013, the Alzheimer’s Association has taken the lead on working with the global nonprofit community to compile and publish compendium on the landscape of the changing landscape of private-public partnerships between these organizations and other stakeholders[4]. This compendium of global and regional private-public partnerships between governmental/federal entities, industrial/for-profit organizations, and nonprofit organizations invested in the AD research landscape was updated in 2014 [5]. Given the continuing growth of the landscape, the compendium requires update of the rapidly growing number of organizations involved, their varied goals, and their relationships with one another. The following sections include the mission statements of 25 nonprofit/charity organizations and their collaborative partnerships with governmental, global, and industrial entities, with an emphasis on the nature of collaborative efforts (i.e., improving clinical trials, obtaining and sharing data, supporting individuals with dementia and caregivers, and research funding).

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد مشارکت دولتی و خصوصی بیماری آلزایمر – الزویر 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله آناتومی یک مشارکت دولتی و خصوصی: تعهد در نگهداری و تنظیم پهنای باند Ultrafast
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Anatomy of a public-private partnership: Hold-up and regulatory commitment in Ultrafast Broadband
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 14 صفحه
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منتشر شده در نشریه الزویر
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت، مهندسی فناوری اطلاعات
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت فناوری اطلاعات، شبکه های کامپیوتری
مجله سیاست ارتباطات – Telecommunications Policy
دانشگاه  School of Management – Victoria University of Wellington – New Zealand
کلمات کلیدی تعهدات تنظیمی، نگه داشتن، سیاسی پهنای باند، سرمایه گذاری زیرساختی، نیوزلند، شبکه های دسترسی نسل بعدی (NGA)، مشارکت دولتی و خصوصی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Regulatory commitment, Hold-up, Broadband policy, Infrastructure investment, New Zealand, Next generation access (NGA) networks, Public-private partnerships
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.telpol.2018.05.001
کد محصول E9034
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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بخشی از متن مقاله:
1. Introduction and motivation

From the early 1980s to around 2010, the prevailing wisdom in telecommunications policy was that the private sector was bestplaced to own and fund investment in enhanced and new networks (OECD, 2007). However, growing realisation that substantial sums would be required to build very high capacity NGA networks, uncertainties about how demand for NGA connections would materialise, and concerns that existing regulatory arrangements were failing to provide appropriate investment incentives have led to a renewed interest in the role of governments (national, state and municipal) as part- or full-funders1 of new telecommunications infrastructure (Cave & Hatta, 2009; Gómez-Barroso & Feijóo, 2010; Cave & Martin, 2010; Ragoobar, Whalley & Halle, 2011; Beltrán & Van der Wee, 2014; Rendon Schneir & Xiong, 2016). Cave and Martin (2010, p505) observe: “under pressure from the credit crunch, the earlier view has virtually reversed itself. Some form of public funding is now seen as necessary and appropriate almost everywhere, not simply as an aberrant feature of Asian economies”. If governments will inevitably become investors in NGA networks, determining how that investment will take place becomes a relevant policy issue. A fundamental choice exists between returning to the pre-1980s arrangements where a government entity designs, owns, builds and operates the network (albeit procuring some elements from the private sector during construction), and adopting a more nuanced approach where public and private actors collaborate in network investment, construction and operation (Shleifer, 1998; Hodge & Greve, 2007; Gómez-Barroso & Feijóo, 2010, Nucciarelli et al., 2013). The former approach is characterised by Australia’s fully government-funded and owned NBN project2 to deploy a fibre-to-thehome (FTTH) network to 93% of residences, supplemented by satellite and wireless connections to the remainder (Beltrán, 2013; Given, 2010; Howell, 2012). Whilst the ambitious project has been downscaled to a more modest ‘Mixed Technology Model’ (MTM), the government still controls project design and owns and operates the fibre network commissioned by it. By international standards this extent of government control and ownership is exceptional. For a variety of reasons, including budgetary limitations and avoiding public crowding-out of private sector investment and competition, public-private partnerships (PPPs, often referred to as public-private initiatives – PPIs) are the preferred approach in the vast majority of cases (Falch & Henten, 2008; Nucciarelli, Sadowski, & Achard, 2010; Ragoobar, Whalley & Halle, 2011; Sadowski, Nucciarelli, & de Rooij, 2009). This approach is exemplified by New Zealand’s Ultra-Fast Broadband Initiative (UFBI), where the government has partnered with four firms using two distinct arrangements to fund around one third to one quarter of the cost of building an FTTH network to around 75% of the population by 2018 (Sadowski, Howell, & Nucciarelli, 2013) (subsequently extended to 85% of the population by 2024).

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد آناتومی یک مشارکت دولتی و خصوصی – الزویر 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله تاثیر ادراکی مشارکت عمومی و خصوصی: مطالعه ای از کانادا
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله The perceived efficacy of public-private partnerships: A study from Canada
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 23 صفحه
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منتشر شده در نشریه الزویر
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت، اقتصاد، حسابداری
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت دولتی، اقتصاد پولی
مجله چشم انداز انتقادی در حسابداری – Critical Perspectives on Accounting
دانشگاه College of Business – Texas A & M University – Commerce – USA
کلمات کلیدی مشارکت دولتی و خصوصی، P3، تئوری نهادی، ارزش پول، تدارکات زیربنایی، حسابداری تفسیری، حسابداری انتقادی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Public-private partnerships, P3, Institutional theory, Value-for-money, Traditional infrastructure procurement, Interpretive accounting, Critical accounting
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpa.2018.04.004
کد محصول E9035
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بخشی از متن مقاله:
1. Introduction

During the last 25 years, Public–Private Partnerships (P3s) have become a popular method for major infrastructure delivery worldwide (Andon, 2012; Boardman, Siemiatycki, & Vining, 2016; Hodge & Greve, 2017; Opara, Elloumi, Okafor, & Warsame, 2017). With the growing P3 deployment by governments, and the contested financial value of P3s, Andon (2012) calls for research that questions the nature and functioning of P3s, including the complexities of P3s as a policy tool. Andon (2012, p. 877–8) reviews and critiques extant accounting research in five major areas, including: the underlying nature and rationale of P3s; the processes and procedures aiding decisions to undertake P3s; processes and procedures for expost P3 evaluations; the merit and worth of P3s; and, P3 regulation and guidance. As an understudied area, we embrace Andon’s (2012) call to ‘‘extend our understandings of the motivations of and rationale for P3 schemes beyond the prevailing critical explanations offered in the literature” as a way to understand the growing adoption of P3s despite contrary evidence (p. 907). Specifically, Andon (2012) suggests investigation into the ‘‘conditions and elements” related to the motivations and rationales for P3 adoption (p. 907). Furthermore, Caperchione, Demirag, and Grossi (2017) invite critical research in the context of P3s as part of public sector reforms. In response to both Andon (2012) and Caperchione et al. (2017), this paper adopts a critical perspective and aligns with Shaoul (2005, p. 441) in questioning the ‘‘rationality and distributive implications of using private finance,” which studies suggest is more expensive than public borrowing (Boardman et al., 2016). Therefore, the suspension of the Alberta P3 program is an invitation to re-engage in the critical evaluation of P3s (Shaoul, 2005). Using the National Health Services (NHS) hospital P3s, Shaoul (2005) examined the process, financial methodology and assumptions made by NHS Trust hospitals arguing that their decisions during project planning and execution were based on ambiguous concepts of risk transfer and Value-for-Money (VfM), that were neither objective, value-free nor ensured distributive equity for all stakeholders. By revisiting the tools the government has hitherto employed to evaluate P3 projects (discounted cashflow/NPV, PSC, VfM, etc.), rethinking the concept and practice of risk transfer, and questioning the rationale behind the assessments leading to project approval, we demonstrate that a similar critical appraisal of P3 policy, including methodology adopted, can be effective even in other P3 domains. This approach may yield the best answer to the potential senescence of the P3 program in Alberta while also, perhaps, providing some nascent predictions as to the shape of what infrastructure assessment protocols will replace it. By adopting the New Public Management (NPM) philosophy (Broadbent, Gill, & Laughlin, 2003; Caperchione et al., 2017; Shaoul, Stafford, & Stapleton, 2012), governments are implementing a range of market-based reforms to improve the quantity and quality of public service delivery. Reforms of this nature are proclaimed as part of a public service ‘‘innovation” or ‘‘modernization” program (Caperchione et al., 2017; Pollitt & Bouckaert, 2011). Furthermore, NPM and its emergent hybrid variant, New Public Governance (NPG), envisages operating the government more like a business via savings in public expenditure and improving the quality of public services–especially the ‘‘marketization” and ‘‘accountingization” concepts (Caperchione et al., 2017, p. 2).

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد تاثیر ادراکی مشارکت عمومی و خصوصی – الزویر 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله دیدگاه تئوری آژانس در مشارکت دولتی و خصوصی: پروژه توسعه بین المللی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Agency theory perspective on public-private-partnerships: international development project
انتشار مقاله سال 2017
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 30 صفحه
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منتشر شده در نشریه امرالد
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت پروژه، مدیریت دولتی
مجله مجله بین المللی بهره وری و مدیریت عملکرد – مجله بین المللی بهره وری و مدیریت عملکرد
دانشگاه  University of Queensland Business School – Brisbane – Australia
کلمات کلیدی تئوری آژانس، عدم تقارن اطلاعات، پروژه های توسعه بین المللی، مشارکت عمومی خصوصی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Agency theory, Information asymmetry, International development projects, Publicprivate-partnership
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPPM-09-2016-0191
کد محصول E9037
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بخشی از متن مقاله:
Introduction

The unacceptable high rate of projects being completed over budget, behind schedule and without meeting quality and scope requirements is widely recognised (Cullen and Parker, 2015; Lim and Mohamed, 1999). There is evidence that the poor success rate is partly due to leadership (Nixon et al., 2012), inadequately managed resources (Lim and Mohamed, 1999), ineffective stakeholder welfare support (Parker et al., 2013), and impoverished communications (Ceric, 2012). Moreover, international development (ID) projects appear to have an even worse success rate (Ika and Saint-Macary,2012; Youker, 1999; Khang and Moe, 2008), with some countries experiencing as little as 10 per cent planned completion against target (Diallo and Thuillier, 2004, 2005). In this study, we follow the early stages through to implementation of a Road Safety Toolkit for aid organisations that was initially tested in Kenya; and which ultimately would assist humanitarian agencies develop road safety programmes. Road crashes are the largest single cause of mortality for NGO staff in the field. This case describes how a multi-sector partnership was conceived and delivered, and how the stakeholders met the challenges of communication and co-ordination. The case allows agency theory to be explored through the dynamics of the large number of players operating within a multi-sector public-privatepartnership (PPP): governments, NGOs and private companies. We explore how agency theory may assist us to understand the relationships associated with managing ID projects, and ultimately provide insight and so improve project outcomes. Agency theory has been widely used across a variety of disciplines since its inception some four decades ago (Eisenhardt, 1989; Hirsch and Friedman, 1986). However, recently the theory has been given little attention in operations management and project management literature. This is remiss as agency theory applies to most relationship situations (see Majone, 2001) in which one party (the principal) delegates authority for control and decision making about certain tasks to another party (the agent) (Basu and Lederer, 2011). The essential assumption underlying agency theory is that agents are essentially selfish opportunists who, unless monitored effectively, will exploit their principals (Miller and Whitford, 2007). The information asymmetry that exists between agents and their more distant principals provides the basis for opportunism. It is assumed the agent will act upon this unless controlled or ‘incentivised’ not to do so (Fama and Jensen, 1983; Jensen and Meckling, 1976; Jensen and Ruback, 1983). Agency theory has been used to explain relationships in the field of economics and finance (e.g., Sappington, 1991), political science (e.g., Moe, 1984), social sciences (e.g., Shapiro, 2005), information systems, (e.g., Mahaney and Lederer, 2011), and management, generally (e.g., Donaldson and Davies, 1991). More recently, it has been applied to supply chain management (e.g., Zsidisin and Ellram, 2003) and project management (e.g., Forsythe et al., 2015; Ceric, 2012). The theory was first formulated in the economics literature (Jensen and Meckling, 1976; Ross, 1973) as a quantitative and conceptual approach to investigate the nature of resulting costs. Subsequently, an empirical focus has emerged to explore organisational behaviour and corporate governance (Cuevas-Rodríguez et al., 2012).

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد دیدگاه تئوری آژانس در مشارکت دولتی و خصوصی – امرالد 2017 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله مقایسه مقطعی مشارکت عمومی و خصوصی در توسعه زیرساخت های حمل و نقل در نیجریه
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Cross-sectional comparison of public-private partnerships in transport infrastructure development in Nigeria
انتشار مقاله سال 2016
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 33 صفحه
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منتشر شده در نشریه امرالد
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت، مهندسی عمران
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت پروژه، برنامه ریزی حمل و نقل، مهندسی راه و ترابری
مجله مهندسی، ساخت و ساز و مدیریت معماری – Engineering Construction and Architectural Management
دانشگاه Faculty of Engineering and Environment – Northumbria University – UK
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1108/ECAM-11-2015-0186
کد محصول E9038
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1. Introduction

Infrastructure has long been identified as a catalyst for economic growth. The demand for infrastructure development and the maintenance of existing infrastructure caused by economic growth and population increase has in many instances, overtaken the capacity of national governments to provide the necessary finance (Howes and Robinson, 2005). The estimates of investment needs for global infrastructure development ranges as high as US$3 trillion per year, of which approximately US$1 trillion per annum needs to be spent in developing countries (World Economic Forum, 2010). Howes and Robinson (2005) asserted that the estimate for developing the Asian region ranges from US$1 to US$2 trillion, US$600 billion for Latin America while Eastern Europe and Africa also need heavy capital infusions for infrastructure development. The inadequacy of infrastructure in Africa is widely recognised, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The finance required to raise infrastructure to a reasonable level within the next decade is estimated at US$93 billion per year in Sub-Saharan Africa (World Bank, 2011). Nigeria is one of the key economies in the Sub- Saharan Africa, having one of the fastest growing populations of about 150 Million. However, the state of infrastructure challenge is enormous. This becomes acute with the transport sector comprising roads, rails, airports, seaports and the country requires US$10 billion annually for the next ten years to achieve the infrastructure requirements (Sanusi, 2012). Also, Nigerian government budget deficits and the inefficient management of large infrastructure projects and services within the public sector are some of the reasons why the traditional procurement method of funding public infrastructure projects through fiscal budgets is increasingly considered unviable (Alitheia, 2011). The Nigerian government in recognition of the large investment required for infrastructure provision and upgrading necessitated the government to put in place an enabling environment to drive private sector participation in infrastructure provision (Alli, 2006). In order to attract private sector finance for infrastructure provision, led the Nigerian government to establish the Infrastructure Concession Regulatory Commission (ICRC) law in 2005 (Ahmed, 2011; World Bank, 2011). The ICRC law provided the legal and institutional framework for PPPs to operate successfully in the country (Ahmed, 2011). Thus, the recent government agenda indicates that infrastructure development is gaining momentum with up to 51 infrastructure projects being undertaken through PPPs between 1990 and 2009 (Vetiva, 2011). Most of these PPP projects started within the last five years with the transport sector being the major beneficiary, where about 24 PPP projects were undertaken within the sector between 2005 and 2009. In 2013 and 2014, about 66 PPP projects were in the pipeline (ICRC, 2014). This is similar to what is happening in Europe. For instance, Roumboutsos (2015) stated that the transport sector has taken extensive advantage of the PPP delivery model in Europe. Moreover, in a globalising world, there is a considerable interest in identifying CSFs that made PPP projects successful. This triggered a number of researchers toward identifying CSFs that are responsible for the successful implementation of PPP projects in different countries (see Tiong, 1996; Qiao et al., 2001; Li et al., 2005a; Zhang, 2005; Dulaimi et al., 2010; Chan et al., 2010; Ismail and Ajija, 2011; Cheung et al., 2012; Babatunde et al., 2012; Gupta et al., 2013; Zou et al., 2014; Osei-Kyei and Chan, 2015; Babatunde et al., 2016) among others. Few researchers have also identified the means of measuring project success in PPPs (see Liyanage and Villalba-Romero, 2015).

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد مشارکت عمومی و خصوصی در توسعه زیرساخت های حمل و نقل – امرالد 2016 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.

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