مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله بین المللی سازی و جهت گیری کارآفرینانه SME های خانوادگی: تأثیر شخصیت خانوادگی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Internationalization and entrepreneurial orientation of family SMEs: The influence of the family character
انتشار مقاله سال 2019
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 12 صفحه
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منتشر شده در نشریه الزویر
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت کسب و کار، کارآفرینی
مجله بررسی کسب و کار بین المللی – International Business Review
دانشگاه University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) – Bilbao – Spain
کلمات کلیدی بین المللی سازی، جهت گیری کارآفرینی، شرکت های خانوادگی، دخالت خانواده، دخالت نسل، تیم مدیریت برتر
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Internationalization, Entrepreneurial orientation, Family firms, Family involvement, Generational involvement, Top management team
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2018.06.003
کد محصول E9131
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1. Introduction

Entrepreneurial orientation (EO), the firm’s disposition to entrepreneurship, is a key element in businesses’ internationalization process (Jantunen, Puumalainen, Saarenketo, & Kyläheiko, 2005; Javalgi & Todd, 2011; Liu, Li, & Xue, 2011; Ripollés-Meliá, Menguzzato-Boulard, & Sánchez-Peinado, 2007). However, few studies have analyzed factors affecting the relationship between EO and international development in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), and even fewer have analyzed family firms (Calabrò, Campopiano, Basco, & Pukkal, 2017; Hernández-Perlines & Mancebo-Lozano, 2016; Hernández-Perlines, Moreno-García, & Yañez-Araque, 2016), although such firms represent the most common form of business organization in the world (Hiebl, Quinn, Craig, & Moores, 2018). The literature has acknowledged that family firms differ in attitudes and behaviors when internationalizing (Graves & Thomas, 2006) and in internationalization strategies (e.g., Fernández & Nieto, 2006; Boellis, Mariotti, Minichilli, & Piscitello, 2016). Family firms may behave differently depending on the extent of family involvement in the business (Chrisman, Chua, & Steier, 2005; Kellermanns, Eddleston, Sarathy, & Murphy, 2012; Naldi, Nordqvist, Sjöberg, & Wiklund, 2007). Furthermore, family involvement is a variable used commonly to identify the family’s power to shape a firm’s goals, strategies, and behaviors (Deephouse & Jaskiewicz, 2013; Miller, Le Breton-Miller, & Lester, 2013). Decision makers’ characteristics and attitudes are important determinants of family SMEs’ internationalization (Arregle, Naldi, Nordqvist, & Hitt, 2012; Calabrò, Torchia, Pukkal, & Mussolino, 2013; Cerrato & Piva, 2012; Claver, Rienda, & Quer, 2008). However, the relevance of individual managerial levels of knowledge and experience remains largely unexplored in the international business literature (Nielsen, 2010). In family SMEs, there is often an overlap between ownership, the board of directors, and the top management team (TMT), with the same family members involved at all levels (Segaro, 2012). TMT members in family SMEs participate directly in the design and day-to-day implementation of firm strategy (Lubatkin, Simsek, Ling, & Veiga, 2006; Sánchez-Marín & Baixauli-Soler, 2015), and they carry out the entrepreneurship process (Sciascia, Mazzola, & Chirico, 2013). Moreover, it is common for SMEs to have family members in TMT positions (Speckbacher & Wentges, 2012) that can spread the family’s ideas and behaviors, directly influencing strategic choices and decisions. Therefore, the family’s involvement in the firm offers a unique environment in which to analyze whether and to what extent a firm’s family character affects the firm’s internationalization (Fernández-Olmos, Gargallo-Castel, & Giner-Bagües, 2016). The family business literature has overlooked the importance of family involvement in TMT positions despite its relevance (Minichilli, Corbetta, & MacMillan, 2010). Following the upper echelon theory (Carpenter, Geletkanycz, & Sanders, 2004; Hambrick & Mason, 1984; Hambrick, 2007), top managers’ strategic choices are influenced by managers’ cognitive base and values, which influence the decisionmaking process, shaping organizational outcomes. Organizations are reflections of their TMTs, and firm-level decisions, including internationalization, depend substantially on team background, experience, and values (Hiebl, 2014; Tihanyi, Ellstrand, Daily, & Dalton, 2000). Thus, managers should possess knowledge that allows them to analyze and process information efficiently in the complex and uncertain internationalization process (Nielsen & Nielsen, 2011; Ramón-Llorens, García-Meca, & Duréndez, 2017). Previous research has recognized TMT as an important decision-making group in organizations (SánchezMarín & Baixauli-Soler, 2015; Vandekerkhof, Steijvers, Hendriks, & Voordeckers, 2015) and has focused on whether demographic diversity in managerial backgrounds is advantageous for firms, but the results have been inconsistent (Cannella, Park, & Lee, 2008; Rivas, 2012).

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد جهت گیری کارآفرینانه SME های خانوادگی – الزویر 2019 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله عوامل موثر بر برنامه ریزی فعالیت فیزیکی در میان کارکنان شرکت های کوچک و متوسط
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Factors that influence planning for physical activity among workers in small- and medium-sized enterprises
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 7 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
منتشر شده در نشریه الزویر
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت کسب و کار
مجله گزارش های پیشگیرانه پزشکی – Preventive Medicine Reports
دانشگاه Sakae Ward Office – Katsuracho – Sakae-ku – Japan
کلمات کلیدی کارکنان، برنامه ریزی، قصد، فعالیت فیزیکی، شرکت های کوچک و متوسط
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Workers, Planning, Intention, Physical activity, Small- and medium-sized enterprises
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2018.02.015
کد محصول E9132
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1. Introduction

Evidence supporting the importance of physical activity (PA) as a form of preventive medicine is currently overwhelming. Many studies have reported lack of PA as being associated with negative health issues, such as metabolic syndrome (Kim et al., 2011), heart disease (Sieverdes et al., 2010), depression (Teychenne et al., 2010) and mortality (Stensvold et al., 2011). Conversely, performing PA results in improved pathogenesis and symptoms of specific conditions, including chronic heart failure, coronary heart disease, dyslipidemia, hypertension, obesity, type 2 diabetes, life expectancy (Lee et al., 2012) and overall quality of life (Choi et al., 2017; Vancampfort et al., 2017). Despite the known potential benefits of performing PA, the number of sedentary adult workers is increasing worldwide, including in Japan. Recommended levels of PA for adults aged 18–64 years are at least 150 min of moderately intense aerobic PA throughout the week, or at least 75 min of vigorously intense aerobic PA throughout the week, or an equivalent combination of moderate and vigorous intense activity (WHO, 2017b). However, in an investigation conducted by the Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group, up to 31.1% (95% confidence interval 30.9–31.2) of adults (≥15 years) from 122 countries were found to be physically inactive (Hallal et al., 2012). Additionally, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that globally, approximately one in four adults aged ≥18 years do not perform PA to recommended levels (WHO, Fact Sheet, 2017a). In Japan, 90% of the adult working population reportedly intend to perform PA; however, < 30% of people actually perform recommended levels of PA, including activities undertaken while working and during recreation (Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare: National Health and Nutrition Survey, 2013). While most able individuals would like to perform PA to improve their health, intention to perform PA often does not always translate into actual pursuit of activities (Sheeran, 2002). This begs the question, “Why do so many people find it difficult to act on their intentions to perform PA?” One reason appears to be a lack of adequate “planning” (Cao et al., 2013; Shimizu et al., 2013; Wiedemann et al., 2009; Sutton, 2008). “Planning” is the phase that lies between intention and action, and specifies when, where, and how to carry out the intention for PA (Cao et al., 2011). The relationship between intention, planning, and action is explained by the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA), which was developed by Schwarzer (1992). The main feature of this model lies in the explicit distinction between a decisionmaking or motivation stage, including intention, and an action or maintenance stage (Schwarzer, 1992).

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد فعالیت فیزیکی در میان کارکنان شرکت های کوچک و متوسط – الزویر 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله معماری سازمانی برای تبدیل دیجیتال در شرکت های کوچک و متوسط
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Enterprise Architectures for the Digital Transformation in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 6 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
منتشر شده در نشریه الزویر
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت کسب و کار
مجله Procedia CIRP
دانشگاه Institute of Industrial Manufacturing and Management (IFF) – University of Stuttgart – Germany
کلمات کلیدی تحول دیجیتالی؛ دیجیتالی کردن؛ صنعت 4.0؛ معماری سازمانی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Digital transformation; Digitization; Industry 4.0; Enterprise architectures
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2017.12.257
کد محصول E9133
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1. Introduction

Currently, customers increasingly strive for maximization of personalized value. This becomes particularly obvious in the demand for individualized products and the increasing influence of customers on the development and the production processes [1]. Factories can only meet this challenge by the application of digital technologies. In Germany, the term Industrie 4.0 represents the aspired target state. Through improvements in information, communication and automation technology live information is available over life cycles of products, processes and factories. Production systems, products and humans are closely networked. Moreover, the resulting big data is used for holistic optimization. [2, 3, 4] This special situation gives rise to opportunities and risks for mechanical engineering enterprises. Based on customer data there are numerous new possibilities for product and process improvements including the optimization of the machining process or spare part forecasting services. At the same time, they are confronted with new demands. Customers not just want to buy a physical machine but service systems, consisting of hard- and software, that offer additional value in their unique context [1, 4, 5]. Examples are context-based features and information for machine operators that support manufacturing to adapt rapidly changing customer needs. To realize such use cases a close collaboration of manufacturers and mechanical engineering enterprise is required. Through this development, IT is not any longer just a technological tool to improve the efficiency of internal processes. By becoming an essential part of the value creation it grows up to a new source of competitive advantage and thus takes a transformative role [5]. The required extension of products by digital components to the point of cyber-physical systems and their integration into service systems leads enterprises in mechanical engineering into a fundamental change process – the digital transformation. Besides mechanics and electronics they now need to develop digital capabilities and implement them into fast-changing, cross-company processes and structures. Especially for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) this is an enormous challenge [6]. With the help of business model appraoches, many enterprises already started to design digital value creation concepts. But these means are very limited when it comes to deriving and implementing processes and IT services. In contrast to existing IT-based products, the new service logic requires a holistic process view. To take full advantage of the digital opportunities adequate models, methods and tools are needed [4, 7]. With enterprise architectures (EA) information systems literature already offers a well-proven solution for this challenge [8, 9]. The aim of this paper is to examine if this approach is appropriate for digital transformation in SMEs of mechanical engineering. Therefore, digital transformation and EA are defined. Afterwards, strengths and weaknesses of EA in the context of digital transformation in SMEs are analyzed. In addition, this paper presents the first steps for the development of a method for the holistic planning of the digital transformation in small and mediumsized mechanical engineering enterprises.

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد معماری سازمانی برای تبدیل دیجیتال در شرکت ها – الزویر 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله قیمت گذاری پیشنهادی پویا برای استفاده منابع بهینه در شرکت های کوچک و متوسط
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Dynamic Bid Pricing for an Optimized Resource Utilization in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 6 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
منتشر شده در نشریه الزویر
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت کسب و کار
مجله Procedia CIRP
دانشگاه  Leibniz Universität Hannover – IFW – An der Universität – Germany
کلمات کلیدی طرح ریزی تولید؛ استفاده از منابع تولیدی؛ قیمت پیشنهاد پویا
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Production Planning; Manufacturing Resource Utilization; Dynamic Bid Price
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2017.12.254
کد محصول E9134
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1. Introduction

In production, the economic success of companies is based on the highest possible utilization of manufacturing resources while maintaining flexibility and responsiveness to demand fluctuations. The majority of small and medium sized enterprises (SME) accepts the highest possible number of customer orders aiming to ensure a high production utilization. Commonly, a systematic evaluation of customer orders based on capacitive criteria (e.g. utilization of work stations) does not happen due to a lack of information and decision-making. Consequently, the production is overloaded, which causes overtime, quality problems, delays and the risk of economic losses. The fluctuating demand from customers forces manufacturers to plan available capacities under a dynamic demand over a long period. Capacities for regular customers or for the production of standard products must be kept available. At the same time, spontaneous orders and orders with a high proportion of own development as customized brackets, must also be included in capacity planning. Many manufacturing companies already provide information on resource utilization in manufacturing execution systems. Nevertheless, customer orders are not rejected even when manufacturing resources are fully utilized. Instead, the date of delivery is shifted depending on the order priority. In order to overcome this issue, this article presents a methodology for capacity-based production planning and control, which prognoses the long-term capacity of manufacturing resource as well as the short-term deviations, as shown in figure 1. Within the method, the necessary capacities for a production order are determined based on the predicted demand. Furthermore, the current utilization (e.g. operating resources, machine hours) and a dynamic bid price are used to determine individual manufacturing costs for each customer order using a mathematic cost model. If a resource is busier than planned, the increased production costs must be taken into account by starting a new work shift or by switching machine classes. The dynamic bid price influences the demand and thus the resource utilization. The methodology has access to the scheduling, which enables the integration of relevant information on the current and the expected resource utilization. The method has been developed and is currently being tested at two SMEs.

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد قیمت گذاری پیشنهادی پویا برای استفاده منابع بهینه – الزویر 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله تصمیم گیری های صادرات و قرارداد از شرکت های کوچک و متوسط ویتنام
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله The exporting and subcontracting decisions of Viet Nam’s small- and medium-sized enterprises
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 18 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
منتشر شده در نشریه الزویر
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت کسب و کار، مدیریت بازاریابی و صادرات
مجله بررسی بین المللی اقتصاد و امور مالی – International Review of Economics and Finance
دانشگاه Department of Economics – University of Nebraska at Omaha – USA
کلمات کلیدی ویتنام، صادرات، قراردادی ها، SME ها
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Viet Nam, Exports, Subcontractors, SMEs
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iref.2018.05.004
کد محصول E9135
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1. Introduction

and background Viet Nam’s economic achievements since the start of đổi mới in 1986 are remarkable. Real income per capita (purchasing power parity basis) in 1990 was only 5.2 per cent of the income levels of high-income countries. By 2016, this reached 13.8 per cent (World Bank, 2017). More importantly, the percentage of the population living in poverty dropped from 77.1 per cent in 1992 to 12.0 per cent in 2014.1 Viet Nam’s economic achievements are partly due to its export success (WTO, 2013). However, a majority of the country’s exports are from foreign-invested enterprises (FIEs) with a 70.7 per cent share of Viet Nam’s exports in 2015, and FIEs import more than half of their inputs (Malesky, 2016). This means that a large part of Viet Nam’s exports are predicated on assembly work with minimal local content. There is recognition on the part of Viet Nam’s government that small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) might benefit from internationalization through exposure to increased competition and quality standards, or through learning by doing.2 Decision No. 1231/QĐ-TTg dated 7 September 2012 approved Viet Nam’s 2011–15 Small and Medium Enterprises Development Plan which sought to increase the share of SMEs to 25 per cent of exports.3 On June 12, 2017, Viet Nam’s National Assembly passed the Law on Supporting SMEs which takes effect January 1, 2018 (KPMG, 2017). Because SMEs account for a considerable share of enterprises in Viet Nam, enhancing their competitiveness through internationalization has the potential for delivering considerable macro effects in the form of increased employment and income, improved working conditions, and production diversification.4 But, hurdles to internationalization by SMEs are also numerous. What determines whether SMEs manage to internationalize? Enterprises’ exporting decision is well studied in the literature, but their subcontracting decision is not. In the context of Viet Nam, the decision to work as subcontractor or not turns out to be quite pertinent.5 Tas and van Oyen (2000) describe Vietnamese government’s efforts to raise awareness among SMEs of the benefits of subcontracting, and modest attempts by the Viet Nam Chamber of Commerce and Industry in the late 1990s at matching potential subcontractors with contractors. These attempts were largely unsuccessful due primarily to a weak institutional environment and limited local firm capabilities. Since then, the legal and regulatory environments are much improved, and subcontracting has become one of the cornerstones of Viet Nam’s development strategy. In fact, the 2014 amendment to Viet Nam’s Law on Investment provides preferential treatment to subcontractors (referred to as supporting industries) in support of select industries such as electronics. Because of subcontracting’s potential to complement enterprises’ internationalization efforts, we expand current literature by considering enterprises’ joint exporting and subcontracting decisions. In particular, we focus on whether these decisions are related to SMEs’ access to finance, knowledge of relevant laws, and technical capacity. These three areas are addressed by Viet Nam’s 2011–15 SME Development Plan.6 Their importance is reflected in the survey data we use where respondents say authorities can best ‘help the enterprise expand and increase its profits’ by providing access to credit (18.4 per cent indicate this as most important in the 2015 survey), by further removing bureaucratic requirements/restrictions (16.3 per cent), and through better private sector policies (12.9 per cent).

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد تصمیم گیری های صادرات از شرکت های کوچک و متوسط – الزویر 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله سیستم های اجرایی تولید هوشمند برای شرکت های کوچک و متوسط
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Smart Manufacturing Execution Systems for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 6 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
منتشر شده در نشریه الزویر
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت، مهندسی فناوری اطلاعات
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت کسب و کار، اینترنت و شبکه های گسترده
مجله Procedia CIRP
دانشگاه Department of Mechanical Engineering – University of Auckland – New Zealand
کلمات کلیدی ابر، اینترنت اشیا، زمان واقعی، سیستم اجرای تولید
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Cloud, Internet of Things, Real-time, Manufacturing Execution System
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2018.03.272
کد محصول E9136
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3. Key Services

3.1. RFID middlewar

e RFID middleware is one of the most important features of the MES. It is responsible for services that manage raw data as well as inter-device communication. Two key functionalities are associated with this service – data collection/acquisition and maintenance management. The latter will not be discussed in this paper as it is not yet implemented. Data collection is essential to the proper implementation of manufacturing execution systems. Traditional paper-based style of operations, are often error prone and unable to cope with dynamic shop-floors, among other things. These problems arise mainly due to the untimely gathering of information which can be achieved through proper deployment of RFID enabled smart devices such as workers, machines and resources. Figure 1 shows how the smartphone app bridges the connection gap between the RFID devices and the cloud MES. Appropriate usage of this at key stages, would enable data to be frequently updated, allowing location and status, among other things, to be known. Once this data is collected, it is organized into information that can be used so that appropriate feedback can be sent back. Due to the nature of RFID many security measures need to be put in place to prevent the loss of any data

3.2. Planning and scheduling service

Planning and scheduling services provide proper guidance in the optimization of processes and operations. This service addresses two functionalities – process management and, operations and detailed scheduling. Process management is the method used to define the process that raw material would have to undergo as it becomes the final product. Whereas operation and detailed scheduling is used to determine when and for how long the process should occur. When jobs are registered, managers would input information such as priority, importance, machining process to use, etc. The middleware service would then collect and organize this data so that an optimal method can be computed. This would be formulated for each instance using a set of rules or logic governed by the input parameters as well as real-time data. Once the process method is known, the operations and detailed scheduling can be generated and sent to the workers. This would take into account constraints, such as due dates, placed by clients or otherwise and automatically adjust current and future schedules

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد سیستم های اجرایی تولید هوشمند برای شرکت ها – الزویر 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله تقویت رفتارهای ارتباطی کارکنان برای معنابخشی در شرایط بحرانی: رویکرد مدیریت استراتژیک برای ارتباطات بحرانی داخلی موثر
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Enhancing employee communication behaviors for sensemaking and sensegiving in crisis situations: Strategic management approach for effective internal crisis communication
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 26 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
منتشر شده در نشریه امرالد
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت، علوم ارتباطات اجتماعی
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت منابع انسانی، مدیریت استراتژیک، روابط عمومی
مجله مجله مدیریت ارتباطات – Journal of Communication Management
دانشگاه J. William and Mary Diederich College of Communication – Marquette University – USA
کلمات کلیدی ارتباطات داخلی، روابط عمومی، ارتباطات بحرانی، ارتباطات استراتژیک، ارتباط کارکنان
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Internal communication, Public relations, Crisis communication, Strategic communication, Employee communication
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1108/JCOM-03-2018-0025
کد محصول E9102
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Organizational crisis, as an unexpected event, is a time of ambiguity, uncertainty and struggle to regain control within an organization (Coombs, 2015; Miller and Heath, 2004). In terms of the internal context of an organization, a crisis situation inherently yields ambiguity and uncertainty for internal publics (i.e. employees) (Ulmer et al., 2015). Such characteristics defy interpretation and impose severe demands on employees’ sensemaking (i.e. searching for meaning) (Weick, 1988). In this regard, Weick (1988, 1993) noted that the less adequate the sensemaking process directed at a crisis, the more likely it is the crisis will get out of control. However, it often happens that employees’ sensemaking processes are impeded by misalignment between an organization and employees, as organization’s communication activities during a crisis are often misinterpreted, resisted, or rejected by employees (Daymon, 2000; Mazzei et al., 2012). Moreover, organizations can sometimes exacerbate the impact of the crisis through poor communications with employees resulting in delusion and cynicism from the latter (Goodman and Hirsch, 2010; Mazzei and Ravazzani, 2011). As employees’ communication behaviors can have particular internal and external impacts through various kinds of social networks, the misinterpretation of organizational messages can make a crisis worse endangering the organization (Heide and Simonsson, 2014; Mazzei and Ravazzani, 2011). In this sense, the role of strategic internal communication is vital in crisis situations where there is a high level of communication ambiguity and a strong need for sensemaking (Strandberg and Vigsø, 2016; Weick, 1988). Effective internal crisis communication reduces uncertainty and ambiguity by filling the communication gap between management and employees; to achieve this, organizational management should understand employees as one of the important strategic constituencies (i.e. internal publics) to be communicated with (Heide and Simonsson, 2014; Ulmer et al., 2015). Despite the need and importance of strategic internal communication, the extant research erroneously assumes that employees would become involved in the crisis communication without hesitation (Falkheimer and Heide, 2015). Previous studies focus dominantly on symbolic message strategies used to protect the organization’s image among external publics (customers), not internal publics (employees), during a crisis (Mazzei and Ravazzani, 2015; Johansen et al., 2012). Against this backdrop, scholars recently have called for new approaches to crisis communication in order to enhance theoretical developments (Liu and Fraustino, 2014; Paquette, 2015). One effort is to shift the focal point of current research from an external dimension to an internal dimension, one that emphasizes communicating with employees and understanding their impact as crisis communication senders as well as receivers (Heide and Simonsson, 2014; Strandberg and Vigsø, 2016). In this sense, researchers suggest that managerial efforts (i.e. strategic management approach) are needed to better understand the dynamic nature of crisis in the internal dimension in terms of crisis management and communication (Grunig, 2011; Johansen et al., 2012). Theses backgrounds serve as the impetus for this study. Taking the strategic management approach, this study conducted a nationwide survey among full-time employees (n ¼ 544) in the USA to explore organizational effectiveness of internal crisis communication and how it enhances voluntary and positive employee communication behaviors (ECBs) for sensemaking and sensegiving and their antecedents in a crisis situation where organizational sensemaking breaks down. By doing so, this study provides meaningful insight into: new crisis communication theory development that takes a strategic management approach emphasizing employees’ valuable assets from an organization, and effective crisis communication practice that reduces misalignment with employees and that enhances voluntary and positive ECBs for the organization during a crisis.

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد تقویت رفتارهای ارتباطی کارکنان برای معنابخشی در شرایط بحرانی – امرالد 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله آنالیز استراتژی های منظم در زنجیره تامین معکوس: رویکرد TOPSIS فازی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Analysing disposition strategies in reverse supply chains: Fuzzy TOPSIS approach
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 27 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
منتشر شده در نشریه امرالد
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت، مهندسی صنایع
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت صنعتی، لجستیک و زنجیره تامین
مجله مدیریت کیفیت محیطی: مجله بین المللی – Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal
دانشگاه Department of Operation Management – Gurugram – India
کلمات کلیدی زنجیره تامین معکوس، لجستیک معکوس، توزیع، TOPSIS فازی، تولید تلفن همراه
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Reverse Supply Chain, Reverse Logistics, Disposition, Fuzzy TOPSIS, Cell phone manufacturing
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1108/MEQ-12-2017-0177
کد محصول E9103
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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1. Introduction

In today’s highly competitive business environment, the success of any business depends to a large extent on the efficiency of the supply chain. Competition has moved beyond firm-to firm rivalry to rivalry between supply chains. Traditionally, businesses have concentrated on improving the forward supply chain for their products (e.g., manufacturer-wholesalerretailer-consumer). However, another important and emerging dimension of successful SCM is the reverse logistics process (Marien, 1988). As the business environment becomes more competitive, it becomes increasingly important for them to concentrate on optimizing the backward loop, as well. Reverse supply chain practices have been in existence for a long time, especially in the automotive industry, where manufacturers try to recover value from recycling car parts. Reverse supply chains differ from forward supply chains in information flow, physical distribution flow and cash flow. To manage reverse supply chain, companies need sophisticated information systems. Some of the technology involved in reverse supply chain is similar while in some areas the technology used differs from that of traditional supply chain. Technology used in reverse supply chain such as real-time inventory tracking system (bar codes and sensors) are similar to that used in the forward supply chain. On the other hand, activities such as repair optimization, slow moving inventory optimization, warranty tracking and de-manufacturing of product is different. In designing a successful reverse supply chain, it is important to know what type of product will be returned at which point in time at which place and in which condition. Hence, importance of data is immense. Tightly integrated automatic data capture, system directed disposition support, unique receipt handling, credit processing, comprehensive and flexible reporting are some of the important functional capabilities in reverse supply chain which can help a company have a competitive edge over its competitors.Reverse supply chain deals with products that have reached their life cycle or the ones returned by the final users, and then aims at best extracting their remaining values by repair, refurbishing, remanufacturing, cannibalization, and recycling ( Thierry et al.,1995) or other activities in order to protect the environment. Furthermore, reverse supply chain management can reduce the negative environmental impacts of waste disposal and resource extraction, and reduce production costs. All these factors will be taken into consideration while designing the operational framework to handle product disposition strategies for effective reverse supply chains. There are few articles on disposition decisions in reverse supply chain (Agrawal et al., 2016a; Agrawal et al., 2016b). The proposed study contributes to the very few studies available on disposition decisions in reverse supply chain. In this article, we’ve defined the reverse supply chain process, the steps involved and how it can be used as a strategic business weapon for organizations by studying the product disposition strategies. Drivers for implementing reverse supply chains are also explored alongwith inherent challenges that a reverse supply chain facessuch as managing customer expectations on returns policies, partnering with other players in the supply chain and handling the mounting pressure from regulatory authorities.

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد آنالیز استراتژی های منظم در زنجیره تامین معکوس – امرالد 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله استفاده از روش شناسی فرآیند تحلیل سلسله مراتبی (AHP) در پویا شناسی سامانه ها: مدل سازی برای ارزیابی فناوری سلامت در بیماری فتق
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Use of the AHP methodology in system dynamics: Modelling and simulation for health technology assessments to determine the correct prosthesis choice for hernia diseases
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 9 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
منتشر شده در نشریه الزویر
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط پزشکی، مدیریت، مهندسی صنایع
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت فناوری اطلاعات، بهینه سازی سیستم ها
مجله علوم زیستی ریاضی – Mathematical Biosciences
دانشگاه Department of Public Health – University of Naples “Federico II” – Italy
کلمات کلیدی روش AHP، تصمیم سازی، ارزیابی فناوری سلامت، HTA، شبیه سازی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی AHP methodology, Decision-making, Health technology assessment, HTA, Simulation
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mbs.2018.03.004
کد محصول E9104
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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1. Introduction

Health technology assessment (HTA) is a multi-disciplinary evaluation process that allows the analysis and assessment of health technologies by considering the direct or indirect medical-clinical, organizational, economic, social, legal and ethical implications in the short and long term using the same technologies [4,16,17,19,35]. Through this methodology, each alternative is assigned a weight based on the opinion provided by a decision-maker, and then, weight vectors are placed in a final vector that will determine the priority of each alternative. Key application areas in the literature include personal [51] social [34] and industrial criterion [21]; management; manufacturing; engineering [54,55]; education; government [33] planning, selecting a best alternative; and resource allocation [37,45,47,57,60]. Among the various applications of the HTA, this paper takes advantage of the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) technique and focuses on a specific application of this methodology to a dynamic system in clinical. However, the AHP uses a hierarchical structure in which linear dependencies between items of different decision-making levels are one way down the hierarchy and there are no dependencies between elements of the same cluster of items belonging to different clusters. For this reason, it cannot be considered suitable for the modelling of complex problems, which are characterized by dependencies, interactions and feedback and especially by the dynamic nature of the decision taken [58]. With these premises, in this paper the AHP and HTA methodologies have been implemented through a dynamic simulation model and overcome the main limitations of the single methodologies. After this introduction, Section 2 reports an overview of AHP and HTA-related works. Section 3 discusses the materials and methods of this research. In Section 4, the results of the implemented methodology are presented. Finally, Section 5 reports conclusions, implications and limitations of this paper.

2. Related work

The bibliographic review of multiple criteria decision-making (MCDM) tools realized by Steuer ([50]) provides an important overview of the decision-making topic. The main research papers on this topic identified by this bibliographic review have been confirmed and updated adopting the well-known systematic literature review approach defined by Centobelli et al. [6,7]. The AHP is a multi-criteria decision analysis methodology that was developed in the 1970s by Thomas L. Saaty. AHP evaluates a set of alternatives and creates a final problem by splitting decision making into many sub-problems that are equal and can be solved by summarizing sub-problems in which results of the initial problem are evaluated [48,59]. Among MCDM techniques, the AHP still suffers from some theoretical disputes. One major criticism is that the assumption of independence among the criteria can be considered a limitation of the AHP in certain cases. In fact, one of the main aspects of the AHP is the assumption of independence between the various levels of the hierarchical structure in terms of both the criteria and sub-criteria [46]. An initial solution to this critique was offered by Saaty, introducing the analytic process network (ANP), a generalization of the AHP with feedback to adjust the weights. However, the decision-maker must answer a considerable number of questions, which can be complex and affect the linear hierarchical structure typical of the AHP. For this purpose, a simplified version of the ANP would be useful for the simplified wider adoption of the method.

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد استفاده از روش شناسی AHP در پویا شناسی سامانه ها – الزویر 2018 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله ادغام انحرافات پیشین محل کار: به کارگیری رویکرد فرآیند تحلیل سلسله مراتبی (AHP)
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Integrating antecedents of workplace deviance: utilizing AHP approach
انتشار مقاله سال 2017
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 24 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
منتشر شده در نشریه امرالد
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت، مهندسی صنایع
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت منابع انسانی، مدیریت تحول، مدیریت اجرایی
مجله مجله تحقیقات تجاری هند – Journal of Indian Business Research
دانشگاه Department of Management Studies – Indian Institute of Technology – India
کلمات کلیدی انحراف محل کار، روند سلسله مراتب تحلیلی، PRISMA
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Workplace deviance, Analytic hierarchy process, PRISMA
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1108/JIBR-09-2017-0148
کد محصول E9105
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بخشی از متن مقاله:
Introduction

Contemporary business environment is marked by various challenges of diversity, flat organizational structures, re-engineering, downsizing, enhanced quality and productivity, budget cuts and use of contract employees (Everton et al., 2007). These challenges result into perception of inequity and injustice, low self-esteem and increased stress among the existing workforce. This in turn instigates the employees to indulge in corporate outrage behavior also known as destructive deviance (Berry et al., 2007). Destructive deviance is significant violation of the organizational norms that threatens the well-being of an organization and its employees (Robinson and Bennett, 1995). Literature has evidenced that workplace deviance is not a new concept; in fact, employees engaging in deviant behavior have been studied since the mid-1900s and have become a popular research subject once more due to its pervasiveness and associated costs (Berry et al., 2007; Cohen-Charash and Mueller, 2007; Dilchert et al., 2007). Literature on workplace deviance has yielded considerable insights into its antecedents and consequences. However, with growth in the area of workplace deviance, numerous gaps have surfaced in the literature. One such gap exclusively focuses on the parallel analysis of the antecedents of destructive deviance. According to Griffin and Lopez (2005), there is a strong need for research that addresses various antecedents and consequences of workplace deviance in a comprehensive manner. Thus, it is crucial for researchers to have an altogether clear understanding of the antecedents of destructive deviance, as it profoundly adds to the financial, psychological and social costs of an organization (Bodankin and Tziner, 2009; Appelbaum et al., 2007; Henle et al., 2005). Literature has evidenced that approximately 95 per cent organizations encounter deviant behavior out of which 75 per cent accounts for stealing and harsh behavior at workplace (Appelbaum et al., 2007; Henle, Giacalone and Jurkiewicz, 2005). Rana and Punia (2016) observed similar findings with respect to the predominance of workplace deviance that ranges from 8 to 60 per cent among the employees in the Indian corporate sector. Given these enormous figures, it is very crucial for researchers to identify the correlates of workplace deviance (Hastings and Finegan, 2011). If proper research is done, then organizations can start taking steps toward preventing workplace deviance, thus saving billions of dollars per year (Robinson and O’Leary-Kelly, 1998). Moreover, pervasiveness of deviant behavior in Indian organizations makes it more compelling to analyze the determinants of deviant behavior (Rana and Punia, 2016; Smithikrai, 2008). The reasons for this intensifying deviant behavior among the employees in Indian organizations can be attributed to numerous reasons. First, Indian organizations rank high on the cultural dimension of power distance and collectivism and low on gender egalitarianism. Power distance implies centralization of decisionmaking and indicates strict hierarchy in workplace, which act as a constraint rather than a facilitator for employees. Collectivism refers to strong dependence and affinity between the employees within teams and groups. Indian organizations resort to bias while treating different employees, which stimulates destructive deviance.

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد ادغام انحرافات پیشین محل کار: رویکرد AHP – امرالد 2017 اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.

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