نرم افزار های مورد نیاز

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مشخصات مقاله
انتشار مقاله سال 2017
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 24 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
منتشر شده در نشریه امرالد
نوع مقاله ISI
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Remodelling urban planning education for sustainable development: the case of Serb
ترجمه عنوان مقاله مدل سازی مجدد آموزش برنامه ریزی شهری برای توسعه پایدار: مورد صرب ها
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط شهرسازی و علوم تربیتی
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت آموزشی
مجله مجله بین المللی پایداری در آموزش عالی – International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education
دانشگاه Faculty of Architecture – University of Belgrade – Serbia
کلمات کلیدی توسعه برنامه درسی، برنامه ریزی شهری، تغییر پارادایم، شهرنشینی، کشور انتقالی پس از اجتماع
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Curriculum development, Urban planning, Paradigm change, Integrated urbanism, Post-social transitional country
کد محصول E7697
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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بخشی از متن مقاله:
Introduction

The political changes that Serbia underwent in 2000, followed by the shift to a democratic system of governance and a market economy, as well as the country’s renewed openness toward Europe and the world, all brought about fundamental changes to the framework in which spatial development action can be taken. The new socio-economic context altered the understanding of the key pillars of sustainable development and led to changes in the notion of spatial intervention and, consequently, in professional approaches to spatial and urban planning. This left the field wide open for the creation of new knowledge and the education of a cadre of professionals able to rise to the complex new challenges posed in practice in a country undergoing transition. Although a new framework for professional action was created, the basic preconditions for the new planning system to operate remained absent, and consequently, essential changes to the actual practice of urban planning did not occur. An important aspect of this issue is the traditional urban planning education (UPE) within the framework of architecture studies. This means that urban planning practice is traditionally rooted in technical disciplines and oriented toward engineering knowledge and does not recognise the need to incorporate learning from social and environmental sciences. The paper generally deals with the role of academia in improving urban planning in Serbia through the establishment of an innovative master’s degree programme in line with the requirements of contemporary global planning practices and key competences for sustainability. It particularly addresses the issue of how the production of final master’s degree projects, organized as an integrated platform for dialogue, can enhance the capacities of the broader professional community, placing specific emphasis on re-examination of the role of the profession in spatial development, the reach of its actions and outcomes that ought to be produced. The teaching process focused on the education of a new generation of experts enabled to act in a new socio-economic context, and the essential creation of preconditions for change to the planning paradigm within the community of practitioners, government officials, local communities and teachers. The paper will first discuss the concept of UPE for sustainable development (UPESD) in relation to the contemporary understanding of UPE and the requirements of education for sustainable development (ESD) and will then contextualise this concept to the conditions that prevail in post-social transitional countries (PSTCs). This will be followed by a presentation of the pedagogical model (PM) for UPESD tailored to the conditions of PSTCs and an examination of the results of its implementation through a comparative overview of the processes of producing of final master’s degree projects by three generations of students. Finally, the results of the application of the PM will be discussed, and general conclusions will be drawn.

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد مدل سازی آموزش برنامه ریزی شهری برای توسعه پایدار – امرالد 2017 اولین بار در دانلود مقالات ISI. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
انتشار مقاله سال 2017
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 19 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
منتشر شده در نشریه امرالد
نوع مقاله ISI
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Process of innovation knowledge increase in supply chain network from the perspective of sustainable development
ترجمه عنوان مقاله روند افزایش دانش نوآوری در شبکه زنجیره تامین از دیدگاه توسعه پایدار
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت، مهندسی صنایع
گرایش های مرتبط لجستیک و زنجیره تامین ، مدیریت دولتی، مدیریت دانش
مجله مدیریت صنعتی و سیستم های داده – Industrial Management & Data Systems
دانشگاه Zhejiang University of Finance & Economics – China
کلمات کلیدی تراکم شبکه؛ افزایش دانش نوآوری؛ شبکه زنجیره تامین؛ مدل مبتنی بر عامل و شبیه سازی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی network density; innovation knowledge increase; supply chain network; Agent-Based Model and Simulation
کد محصول E7698
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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بخشی از متن مقاله:
0. Introduction

The existing research considers the supply chain as a knowledge alliance, and believes that the knowledge increase in the supply chain is important for its sustainable development (Wowak, 2013; Ikem, 2013; Sambasivan, 2009). Driven by increased market competition and rapid technological changes, the supply chain needs to continuously increase innovative knowledge to strengthen its core competitiveness (Liang, 2015; Min, 2015). In order to promote the growth of knowledge, the structure of supply chain also gradually changes from the original chain structure into a network structure, that is, the close innovation cooperation also exists between suppliers and users in addition to the cooperation between the enterprise and its upstream and downstream (Shi,2012; Tseng2013;Zhao, 2016; Zhou,2013). With the help of modern information technology, this complex network structure can meet the innovation demand quickly in the market (Xu,2015; Liao,2016; Katja, 2011). Some scholars believe that such network structure is beneficial to the acquisition of heterogeneity knowledge, and reduces the transmission costs caused by redundant connections, so as to ensure the sustainable increase of innovation knowledge in supply chain (Chen, 2015; Chih, 2011; Scott, 2012; Burt, 1993). However, few studies have analyzed the innovation knowledge increase of supply chain with this network structure, and have not proved that the network structure is beneficial to the innovation knowledge increase in supply chain. Several studies, based on social network theory, have analyzed the characteristics of the supply chain network structure, and proposed the factors which affect the formation of the network structure (Gnyawali, 2001; Zhou, 2016; Yi, 2016). A part of studies have found the influence of knowledge integration and flow in obtaining the core competitive advantage of supply chain; however, few have analyzed the innovation knowledge increase process of supply chain with different network structures. Indeed, the influence of network structure on the innovation knowledge increase has been studied in the existing innovation literature (Katja, 2011;Kieron,2004), and network density is regarded as an important factor that affect innovation knowledge increase based on the complex network theory (Katja, 2011; Wang, 2016; Long, 2016; Kühne, 2013). Nevertheless, some studies suggest that network density has a positive influence on the innovative knowledge increase (Wang et al., 2010; Xiong et al., 2011), others suggest that network density has a negative influence on the innovative knowledge increase (Zhang, 2011; Ma, 2017). Nonaka’s (2000) argument on Socialization-Externalization-Combination-Internalization (SECI) model helps to explain the inconsistent results of prior research. According to Nonaka (2000), knowledge increase is viewed as the process of knowledge diffusion and knowledge innovation. However, the innovation knowledge increase in the supply chain network is equivalent to the knowledge diffusion or knowledge innovation in the existing researches, without considering the two as a continuous process (Cao et al., 2016; Wang, 2016). When the network density becomes greater, the social relations and the goals of the enterprises in the supply chain are more and more unified through long-term cooperation and communication, thus conducive to the knowledge diffusion. But the deepening of interconnection can also lead to the homogeneity of knowledge, which is adverse to knowledge innovation (Xu, 2015; Liao, 2016).

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد روند افزایش دانش نوآوری در شبکه زنجیره تامین – امرالد 2017 اولین بار در دانلود مقالات ISI. پدیدار شد.


 

مشخصات مقاله
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 13 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
منتشر شده در نشریه اسپرینگر
نوع مقاله ISI
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Determinants of CO2 emissions in the MERCOSUR: the role of economic growth, and renewable and non-renewable energy
ترجمه عنوان مقاله عوامل موثر بر انتشار CO2 در مرکوسور: نقش رشد اقتصادی و انرژی های تجدید پذیر و غیر قابل تجدید
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط محیط زیست و مهندسی انرژی
گرایش های مرتبط آلودگی محیط زیست، انرژی های تجدید پذیر
مجله تحقیقات محیط زیست و آلودگی – Environmental Science and Pollution Research
دانشگاه Universidade Federal de Goiás – UFG
کلمات کلیدی CO2 ،EKC، رشد اقتصادی، انرژی تجدید پذیر، انرژی تجدیدناپذیر، مرکوسور
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی CO2, EKC, Economic growth, Renewable energy, Non-renewable energy, MERCOSUR
کد محصول E7699
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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بخشی از متن مقاله:
Introduction

Due to large increases in greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) in recent decades, environmental pollution has become one of the most critical global issues. Many countries, including those of the European Union (EU), signed the Kyoto Protocol, which entailed specific target goals per country (Dogan and Seker 2016). This Protocol proposed a 5.2% reduction in GHG emissions, taking 1990 levels as a reference. Developed countries which subsequently ratified the Protocol committed themselves to reduced targets while developing countries were encouraged to reduce their emissions on a voluntary basis (United Nations 1998). Irrespective of its commitment under the Kyoto Protocol, the EU adopted stricter environmental targets through binding legislation with the 2020 climate-energy package, which aims to make Europe a low-carbon economy and increase energy efficiency. The goal is a 20% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and an increase of up to 20% in the use of renewable resources by 2020. Disengaging economic growth from carbon dioxide emissions has become an environmental ambition. Governments are committed to reducing their greenhouse gas emissions without undermining their economic development, based on the assumption that greater economic growth does not always lead to increased emissions. Italy ratified the Kyoto Protocol and has adopted European energy initiatives, such as the European Emissions Trading Scheme, the White Certificate Scheme in Italian legislation, financial incentives, and the legislative framework for increasing energy efficiency, in an attempt to meet their 2020 targets for CO2 emissions (Bento and Moutinho 2016). Several research studies have highlighted the relationship between CO2 emissions, GDP (or economic growth), and energy consumption (electricity). Other studies investigate the relationships between renewable energy, non-renewable energy, and economic growth, while a third group of studies analyzes the link between CO2 emissions, GDP, and energy consumption from renewable and non-renewable sources. This research has mainly been carried out in Turkey (Halicioglu 2009; Ozturk and Acaravci 2010a; Say and Yücel 2006; Soytas and Sari 2009; Soytas et al. 2007), France (Ang 2007), Malaysia (Ang 2008), Central American countries (Apergis and Payne 2009), Central and Eastern Europe (Atici 2009), Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania (Ozturk and Acaravci 2010b), BRICS countries (Cowan et al. 2014; Pao and Tsai 2011), China (Du et al. 2012; Jalil and Feridun 2011), Russia (Pao et al. 2011), Pakistan (Nasir and Ur Rehman 2011), panel of newly industrialized countries (Sharif Hossain 2011; Park and Hong 2013), MENA countries (Farhani and Shahbaz 2014; Omri 2013), Asia (Chandran and Tang 2013), Malaysia (Bölük and Mert 2014; Shahbaz et al. 2013; Farhani and Ozturk 2015; Shahbaz et al. 2014), Turkey (Bölük and Mert 2015; Dogan 2015; Seker et al. 2015; Yavuz 2014), G7 countries (Ajmi et al. 2015; Sadorsky 2009), Saudi Arabia (Alshehry and Belloumi 2015), European Union countries (Bengochea and Faet 2012; Kasman and Duman 2015; López-Menéndez et al. 2014), Canada, Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Norway, Sweden, USA (Baek 2015), 93 countries (Al-Mulali et al. 2015), Vietnam (Al-Mulali et al. 2015; Tang and Tan 2015), OECD countries (Apergis and Payne 2010a; Chiu and Chang 2009; Inglesi-Lotz 2015; Ben Jebli and Ben Youssef 2015; Apergis and Payne 2012b), emerging countries (Nicholas Apergis and Payne 2011a),

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد عوامل موثر بر انتشار CO2 در مرکوسور – اسپرینگر 2018 اولین بار در دانلود مقالات ISI. پدیدار شد.

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