مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله حذف فلزات سنگین از فاضلاب اکسیداسیون آندی آلومینیومی توسط فیلتر کردن غشاء
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Removal of heavy metals from aluminum anodic oxidation wastewaters by membrane filtration
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۱۸
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۱۴ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه اسپرینگر
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی (Research article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس نمیباشد
نمایه (index) scopus – master journals – JCR – MedLine
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF)
۲٫۸۰۰ در سال ۲۰۱۷
شاخص H_index ۷۴ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شاخص SJR ۰٫۸۵۸ در سال ۲۰۱۸
رشته های مرتبط شیمی، محیط زیست
گرایش های مرتبط شیمی تجزیه، شیمی محیط زیست، آب و فاضلاب
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله / کنفرانس علوم محیط زیست و تحقیقات آلودگی – Environmental Science and Pollution Research
دانشگاه Environmental Engineering Department – Erciyes University – Turkey
کلمات کلیدی آلومینیوم، اکسیداسیون آندی، فلزات سنگین، فراپالایش، نانوفیلتراسیون، اسمز معکوس، استفاده مجدد از آب
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Aluminum, Anodic oxidation, Heavy metal, Ultrafiltration, Nanofiltration, Reverse osmosis, Water reuse
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-2345-z
کد محصول E9472
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract
Introduction
Materials and methods
Experimental procedures
Results and discussion
Conclusion
References

 

بخشی از متن مقاله:
Abstract

Aluminum manufacturing has been reported as one of the largest industries and wastewater produced from the aluminum industry may cause significant environmental problems due to variable pH, high heavy metal concentration, conductivity, and organic load. The management of this wastewater with a high pollution load is of great importance for practitioners in the aluminum sector. There are hardly any studies available on membrane treatment of wastewater originated from anodic oxidation. The aim of this study is to evaluate the best treatment and reuse alternative for aluminum industry wastewater using membrane filtration. Additionally, the performance of chemical precipitation, which is the existing treatment used in the aluminum facility, was also compared with membrane filtration. Wastewater originated from anodic oxidation coating process of an aluminum profile manufacturing facility in Kayseri (Turkey) was used in the experiments. The characterization of raw wastewater was in very low pH (e.g., 3) with high aluminum concentration and conductivity values. Membrane experiments were carried out with ultrafiltration (PTUF), nanofiltration (NF270), and reverse osmosis (SW30) membranes with MWCO 5000, 200–۴۰۰, and 100 Da, respectively. For the chemical precipitation experiments, FeCl3 and FeSO4 chemicals presented lower removal performances for aluminum and chromium, which were below 35% at ambient wastewater pH ~ 3. The membrane filtration experimental results show that, both NF and RO membranes tested could effectively remove aluminum, total chromium and nickel (>90%) from the aluminum production wastewater. The RO (SW30) membrane showed a slightly higher performance at 20 bar operating pressure in terms of conductivity removal values (90%) than the NF 270 membrane (87%). Although similar removal performances were observed for heavy metals and conductivity by NF270 and SW30, significantly higher fluxes were obtained in NF270 membrane filtration at any pressure that there were more than three times the flux values in SW30 membrane filtration. Due to the lower heavy metal (<65%) and conductivity (<30%) removal performances of UF membrane, it could be evaluated as pretreatment followed by NF filtration to protect and extend NF membrane life. The water treated by both NF and RO could be recycled back into the process to be reused with economic and environmental benefits.

Introduction

The aluminum industry contributes to the global economy and to the individual national economies of more than 30 countries. Primary aluminum production, the second most used metal in the world, has been recorded as 51 million tonnes (Das and Yin 2007; IAI 2013). Aluminum is used for varied applications in the construction industry, in transport, in electrical engineering, in packing, and in all kinds of equipment. Among them, production of fencing construction such as windows, doors, and wall and roof profile systems are common usages (Sergey 2011). Finished aluminum is produced by extrusion of the ingots and then the extruded pieces are anodized or covered (Dufour et al. 2001). The aluminum surface is converted to aluminum oxide in the anodizing process. Anodic coatings are impregnated with organic and inorganic dyes and pigments (Lyle et al. 2000) and sulfuric acid solutions are widely employed as electrolytes in anodizing (Sakon et al. 2005; Sanders 2012). The conventional anodizing process has environmental problems that producing huge amounts of wastewater with toxic reagents, heavy metals, and wide variation in pH (Sakon et al. 2005). Wastewater is one of the main issues for the aluminum industry because of significant environmental concerns and public health problems, since they usually contain a notable amount of heavy metals and even toxic elements with relatively high solubility (Agrawal and Sahu 2009). Heavy metals released into the environment bioaccumulate in living organisms and have a serious impact even in trace quantities (Lin et al. 2005; Murthy and Chaudhari 2008).

نوشته مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد حذف فلزات سنگین از فاضلاب اکسیداسیون آندی – اسپرینگر ۲۰۱۸ اولین بار در سایت آی اس آی دانلود ISIDL. پدیدار شد.

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